Age-related differences in recognition memory

effects of materials and context change

Fergus I. M. Craik, Astrid M. Schloerscheidt

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    23 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The study explored age-related differences in the effects of context change on recognition memory by presenting object names (Expt. 1A) or their pictures (Expt. 1B) on background scenes. Participants later attempted to recognize previously presented items on background scenes that were original, switched, blank, or new. Older adults recognized fewer word stimuli than did younger adults, and context effects were larger for older adults. With pictures, however, the age-related decrement was eliminated and context effects were reduced. The beneficial effect of context reinstatement in older adults occurs despite the finding that they are less able to recall or recognize such contexts (Experiment 2). Older adults can use context information in recognition memory at least as efficiently as younger adults when suitable materials and conditions are provided.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)671-677
    Number of pages7
    JournalPsychology and Aging
    Volume26
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

    Keywords

    • memory
    • attention
    • aging
    • context effects
    • recognition
    • ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXT
    • OLDER-ADULTS
    • DEPENDENT RECOGNITION
    • FAMILIARITY
    • RECOLLECTION
    • YOUNGER

    Cite this

    Craik, Fergus I. M. ; Schloerscheidt, Astrid M. / Age-related differences in recognition memory : effects of materials and context change. In: Psychology and Aging. 2011 ; Vol. 26, No. 3. pp. 671-677.
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    abstract = "The study explored age-related differences in the effects of context change on recognition memory by presenting object names (Expt. 1A) or their pictures (Expt. 1B) on background scenes. Participants later attempted to recognize previously presented items on background scenes that were original, switched, blank, or new. Older adults recognized fewer word stimuli than did younger adults, and context effects were larger for older adults. With pictures, however, the age-related decrement was eliminated and context effects were reduced. The beneficial effect of context reinstatement in older adults occurs despite the finding that they are less able to recall or recognize such contexts (Experiment 2). Older adults can use context information in recognition memory at least as efficiently as younger adults when suitable materials and conditions are provided.",
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    author = "Craik, {Fergus I. M.} and Schloerscheidt, {Astrid M.}",
    year = "2011",
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    Age-related differences in recognition memory : effects of materials and context change. / Craik, Fergus I. M.; Schloerscheidt, Astrid M.

    In: Psychology and Aging, Vol. 26, No. 3, 09.2011, p. 671-677.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    KW - attention

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    KW - ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXT

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    KW - DEPENDENT RECOGNITION

    KW - FAMILIARITY

    KW - RECOLLECTION

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