Application of behavioural sciences teaching by UK dental undergraduates

Cynthia M. Pine, Pauline M. McGoldrick

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    From 1990, Behavioural Sciences have become a requisite subject of dental undergraduate curricula across the UK (2). However, subject matter taught varies from school to school (4). The aim of this study was to determine the views and experiences of senior dental undergraduates in applying their behavioural sciences teaching across a range of clinical situations. A questionnaire survey was designed in which 5 UK Dental Schools were included to provide a countrywide geographic distribution and where >75% of senior students in each Dental School participated. The questions required the students to evaluate their psychosocial skills in 4 main areas: dentist/patient interactions; enhancing preventive behaviour; anxiety management; coping with personal stress. 252 students participated, 43% were male. In general, students valued their behavioural sciences teaching and 84% rated its inclusion in the curriculum as important. Some patient management situations had been infrequently encountered in their clinical experience and their confidence in dealing with these situations was low. The data was entered into a stepwise logistic regression to determine which factors explained the variation in reported confidence. In relation to dentist-patient interactions and preventive aspects (9 aspects), significant variables were how well students felt they were taught and how often they encountered the situations. Gender contributed to explaining variation in 4 of these aspects. In dealing with patient aggression, men were over 7x more confident than women (Odd's ratio 7.32), but in changing patients' attitudes to oral health, women were more than 2x as confident as men (Odd's ratio 2.08). In anxiety management and dealing with personal stress, additional variables entered the model and these were age, gender and Dental School. For most aspects of confidence in anxiety management, the quality of teaching to manage these situations was the key variable. In conclusion, this survey has provided an evaluation of UK students' perceived psychosocial skills in a range of clinical settings. This should encourage educators to improve curricular content to support the development of clinical competency in this area.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)49-56
    Number of pages8
    JournalEuropean Journal of Dental Education
    Volume4
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2000

    Fingerprint

    Behavioral Sciences
    behavioral science
    Tooth
    Teaching
    Students
    Dental Schools
    Anxiety
    dentist
    school
    student
    confidence
    anxiety
    management
    Curriculum
    Dentist-Patient Relations
    Odds Ratio
    Attitude to Health
    curriculum
    Clinical Competence
    gender

    Cite this

    Pine, Cynthia M. ; McGoldrick, Pauline M. / Application of behavioural sciences teaching by UK dental undergraduates. In: European Journal of Dental Education. 2000 ; Vol. 4, No. 2. pp. 49-56.
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    abstract = "From 1990, Behavioural Sciences have become a requisite subject of dental undergraduate curricula across the UK (2). However, subject matter taught varies from school to school (4). The aim of this study was to determine the views and experiences of senior dental undergraduates in applying their behavioural sciences teaching across a range of clinical situations. A questionnaire survey was designed in which 5 UK Dental Schools were included to provide a countrywide geographic distribution and where >75{\%} of senior students in each Dental School participated. The questions required the students to evaluate their psychosocial skills in 4 main areas: dentist/patient interactions; enhancing preventive behaviour; anxiety management; coping with personal stress. 252 students participated, 43{\%} were male. In general, students valued their behavioural sciences teaching and 84{\%} rated its inclusion in the curriculum as important. Some patient management situations had been infrequently encountered in their clinical experience and their confidence in dealing with these situations was low. The data was entered into a stepwise logistic regression to determine which factors explained the variation in reported confidence. In relation to dentist-patient interactions and preventive aspects (9 aspects), significant variables were how well students felt they were taught and how often they encountered the situations. Gender contributed to explaining variation in 4 of these aspects. In dealing with patient aggression, men were over 7x more confident than women (Odd's ratio 7.32), but in changing patients' attitudes to oral health, women were more than 2x as confident as men (Odd's ratio 2.08). In anxiety management and dealing with personal stress, additional variables entered the model and these were age, gender and Dental School. For most aspects of confidence in anxiety management, the quality of teaching to manage these situations was the key variable. In conclusion, this survey has provided an evaluation of UK students' perceived psychosocial skills in a range of clinical settings. This should encourage educators to improve curricular content to support the development of clinical competency in this area.",
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    Application of behavioural sciences teaching by UK dental undergraduates. / Pine, Cynthia M.; McGoldrick, Pauline M.

    In: European Journal of Dental Education, Vol. 4, No. 2, 05.2000, p. 49-56.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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