Asymmetry of the craniofacial skeleton in the parents of children with a cleft lip, with or without a cleft palate, or an isolated cleft palate

G. T. McIntyre, P. A. Mossey

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    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The postero-anterior (PA) cephalograms of 52 parents of children with CL(P) and 40 parents of children with CP from a sample of 196 children with non-syndromic clefts in the west of Scotland were analysed. A conventional cephalometric asymmetry analysis was used to evaluate size-related right:left asymmetry comprising eight linear distances, nine angular, and three facial area measurements. Right:left ratios of the mean values identified the direction of the asymmetry and two-sample t-tests determined statistical significance. A shape-related asymmetry analysis was also undertaken. The configurations of landmarks were optimally superimposed and scaled using Procrustes algorithms. Euclidean distance matrix analysis (EDMA) was then compared and the shape of the left and the right landmark configurations were statistically tested using a non-parametric bootstrap technique.

    For the parents of CL(P) children, size-related asymmetry was identified and the area of the craniofacial polygon was statistically significantly larger on the right than on the left side. EDMA detected the presence of shape-related asymmetry (T statistic = 1.304; P = 0.003). For the parents of CP children, although size-related asymmetry was identified, EDMA did not identify shape-related asymmetry (T statistic = 1.281; P = 0.065).

    Size and shape directional asymmetries are characteristic features of the parental craniofacial skeleton in CL(P). Although directional size asymmetry is present in the parental craniofacial skeleton in CP, shape asymmetry is not a characteristic feature.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)177-185
    Number of pages9
    JournalEuropean Journal of Orthodontics
    Volume32
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

    Keywords

    • ELEMENT SCALING ANALYSIS
    • CEPHALOMETRIC FEATURES
    • ORAL CLEFTS
    • GROWTH
    • ASSOCIATION
    • POPULATION
    • DEFECTS
    • MORPHOMETRICS
    • EPIDEMIOLOGY
    • HANDEDNESS

    Cite this

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    title = "Asymmetry of the craniofacial skeleton in the parents of children with a cleft lip, with or without a cleft palate, or an isolated cleft palate",
    abstract = "The postero-anterior (PA) cephalograms of 52 parents of children with CL(P) and 40 parents of children with CP from a sample of 196 children with non-syndromic clefts in the west of Scotland were analysed. A conventional cephalometric asymmetry analysis was used to evaluate size-related right:left asymmetry comprising eight linear distances, nine angular, and three facial area measurements. Right:left ratios of the mean values identified the direction of the asymmetry and two-sample t-tests determined statistical significance. A shape-related asymmetry analysis was also undertaken. The configurations of landmarks were optimally superimposed and scaled using Procrustes algorithms. Euclidean distance matrix analysis (EDMA) was then compared and the shape of the left and the right landmark configurations were statistically tested using a non-parametric bootstrap technique.For the parents of CL(P) children, size-related asymmetry was identified and the area of the craniofacial polygon was statistically significantly larger on the right than on the left side. EDMA detected the presence of shape-related asymmetry (T statistic = 1.304; P = 0.003). For the parents of CP children, although size-related asymmetry was identified, EDMA did not identify shape-related asymmetry (T statistic = 1.281; P = 0.065).Size and shape directional asymmetries are characteristic features of the parental craniofacial skeleton in CL(P). Although directional size asymmetry is present in the parental craniofacial skeleton in CP, shape asymmetry is not a characteristic feature.",
    keywords = "ELEMENT SCALING ANALYSIS, CEPHALOMETRIC FEATURES, ORAL CLEFTS, GROWTH, ASSOCIATION, POPULATION, DEFECTS, MORPHOMETRICS, EPIDEMIOLOGY, HANDEDNESS",
    author = "McIntyre, {G. T.} and Mossey, {P. A.}",
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    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Asymmetry of the craniofacial skeleton in the parents of children with a cleft lip, with or without a cleft palate, or an isolated cleft palate

    AU - McIntyre, G. T.

    AU - Mossey, P. A.

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    N2 - The postero-anterior (PA) cephalograms of 52 parents of children with CL(P) and 40 parents of children with CP from a sample of 196 children with non-syndromic clefts in the west of Scotland were analysed. A conventional cephalometric asymmetry analysis was used to evaluate size-related right:left asymmetry comprising eight linear distances, nine angular, and three facial area measurements. Right:left ratios of the mean values identified the direction of the asymmetry and two-sample t-tests determined statistical significance. A shape-related asymmetry analysis was also undertaken. The configurations of landmarks were optimally superimposed and scaled using Procrustes algorithms. Euclidean distance matrix analysis (EDMA) was then compared and the shape of the left and the right landmark configurations were statistically tested using a non-parametric bootstrap technique.For the parents of CL(P) children, size-related asymmetry was identified and the area of the craniofacial polygon was statistically significantly larger on the right than on the left side. EDMA detected the presence of shape-related asymmetry (T statistic = 1.304; P = 0.003). For the parents of CP children, although size-related asymmetry was identified, EDMA did not identify shape-related asymmetry (T statistic = 1.281; P = 0.065).Size and shape directional asymmetries are characteristic features of the parental craniofacial skeleton in CL(P). Although directional size asymmetry is present in the parental craniofacial skeleton in CP, shape asymmetry is not a characteristic feature.

    AB - The postero-anterior (PA) cephalograms of 52 parents of children with CL(P) and 40 parents of children with CP from a sample of 196 children with non-syndromic clefts in the west of Scotland were analysed. A conventional cephalometric asymmetry analysis was used to evaluate size-related right:left asymmetry comprising eight linear distances, nine angular, and three facial area measurements. Right:left ratios of the mean values identified the direction of the asymmetry and two-sample t-tests determined statistical significance. A shape-related asymmetry analysis was also undertaken. The configurations of landmarks were optimally superimposed and scaled using Procrustes algorithms. Euclidean distance matrix analysis (EDMA) was then compared and the shape of the left and the right landmark configurations were statistically tested using a non-parametric bootstrap technique.For the parents of CL(P) children, size-related asymmetry was identified and the area of the craniofacial polygon was statistically significantly larger on the right than on the left side. EDMA detected the presence of shape-related asymmetry (T statistic = 1.304; P = 0.003). For the parents of CP children, although size-related asymmetry was identified, EDMA did not identify shape-related asymmetry (T statistic = 1.281; P = 0.065).Size and shape directional asymmetries are characteristic features of the parental craniofacial skeleton in CL(P). Although directional size asymmetry is present in the parental craniofacial skeleton in CP, shape asymmetry is not a characteristic feature.

    KW - ELEMENT SCALING ANALYSIS

    KW - CEPHALOMETRIC FEATURES

    KW - ORAL CLEFTS

    KW - GROWTH

    KW - ASSOCIATION

    KW - POPULATION

    KW - DEFECTS

    KW - MORPHOMETRICS

    KW - EPIDEMIOLOGY

    KW - HANDEDNESS

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    DO - 10.1093/ejo/cjp067

    M3 - Article

    C2 - 20083809

    VL - 32

    SP - 177

    EP - 185

    JO - European Journal of Orthodontics

    JF - European Journal of Orthodontics

    SN - 0141-5387

    IS - 2

    ER -