Biosorption

current perspectives on concept, definition and application

Marina Fomina, Geoffrey Michael Gadd (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    279 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Biosorption is a physico-chemical and metabolically-independent process based on a variety of mechanisms including absorption, adsorption, ion exchange, surface complexation and precipitation. Biosorption processes are highly important in the environment and conventional biotreatment processes. As a branch of biotechnology, biosorption has been aimed at the removal or recovery of organic and inorganic substances from solution by biological material which can include living or dead microorganisms and their components, seaweeds, plant materials, industrial and agricultural wastes and natural residues. For decades biosorption has been heralded as a promising cost-effective clean-up biotechnology. Despite significant progress in our understanding of this complex phenomenon and a dramatic increase in publications in this research area, commercialization of biosorption technologies has been limited so far. This article summarizes existing knowledge on various aspects of the fundamentals and applications of biosorption and critically reviews the obstacles to commercial success and future perspectives.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3-14
    Number of pages12
    JournalBioresource Technology
    Volume160
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2014

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    Biosorption
    biotechnology
    commercialization
    seaweed
    industrial waste
    complexation
    ion exchange
    microorganism
    Biotechnology
    adsorption
    cost
    Seaweed
    Agricultural wastes
    Industrial wastes
    Complexation
    Microorganisms
    Biological materials
    material
    Ion exchange
    Adsorption

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Biosorption is a physico-chemical and metabolically-independent process based on a variety of mechanisms including absorption, adsorption, ion exchange, surface complexation and precipitation. Biosorption processes are highly important in the environment and conventional biotreatment processes. As a branch of biotechnology, biosorption has been aimed at the removal or recovery of organic and inorganic substances from solution by biological material which can include living or dead microorganisms and their components, seaweeds, plant materials, industrial and agricultural wastes and natural residues. For decades biosorption has been heralded as a promising cost-effective clean-up biotechnology. Despite significant progress in our understanding of this complex phenomenon and a dramatic increase in publications in this research area, commercialization of biosorption technologies has been limited so far. This article summarizes existing knowledge on various aspects of the fundamentals and applications of biosorption and critically reviews the obstacles to commercial success and future perspectives.",
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    Biosorption : current perspectives on concept, definition and application. / Fomina, Marina; Gadd, Geoffrey Michael (Lead / Corresponding author).

    In: Bioresource Technology, Vol. 160, 05.2014, p. 3-14.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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