Crop connectivity under climate change: future environmental and geographic risks of potato late blight in Scotland

Peter Skelsey (Lead / Corresponding author), David E. L. Cooke, James S. Lynott, Alison K. Lees

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The impact of climate change on dispersal processes is largely ignored in risk assessments for crop diseases, as inoculum is generally assumed to be ubiquitous and non-limiting. We suggest that consideration of the impact of climate change on the connectivity of crops for inoculum transmission may provide additional explanatory and predictive power in disease risk assessments, leading to improved recommendations for agricultural adaptation to climate change. In this study a crop growth model was combined with aerobiological models and a newly developed infection risk model to provide a framework for quantifying the impact of future climates on the risk of disease occurrence and spread. The integrated model uses standard meteorological variables and can be easily adapted to various crop pathosystems characterized by airborne inoculum. In a case study, the framework was used with data defining the spatial distribution of potato crops in Scotland and spatially coherent, probabilistic climate change data to project the future connectivity of crop distributions for Phytophthora infestans (causal agent of potato late blight) inoculum, and the subsequent risk of infection. Projections and control recommendations are provided for multiple combinations of potato cultivar and CO2 emissions scenario, and temporal and spatial averaging schemes. Overall, we found that relative to current climatic conditions, the risk of late blight will increase in Scotland during the first half of the potato growing season, and decrease during the second half. To guide adaptation strategies we also investigated the potential impact of climate-change driven shifts in the cropping season. Advancing the start of the potato growing season by one month proved to be an effective strategy from both an agronomic and late blight management perspective. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3724-3738
Number of pages15
JournalGlobal Change Biology
Volume22
Issue number11
Early online date23 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

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Climate change
potato
Crops
connectivity
crop
climate change
Risk assessment
risk assessment
growing season
Spatial distribution
cropping practice
cultivar
spatial distribution
climate
infection
recommendation

Cite this

Skelsey, Peter ; Cooke, David E. L. ; Lynott, James S. ; Lees, Alison K. / Crop connectivity under climate change : future environmental and geographic risks of potato late blight in Scotland. In: Global Change Biology. 2016 ; Vol. 22, No. 11. pp. 3724-3738.
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Crop connectivity under climate change : future environmental and geographic risks of potato late blight in Scotland. / Skelsey, Peter (Lead / Corresponding author); Cooke, David E. L.; Lynott, James S.; Lees, Alison K.

In: Global Change Biology, Vol. 22, No. 11, 11.2016, p. 3724-3738.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T2 - future environmental and geographic risks of potato late blight in Scotland

AU - Skelsey, Peter

AU - Cooke, David E. L.

AU - Lynott, James S.

AU - Lees, Alison K.

N1 - This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PY - 2016/11

Y1 - 2016/11

N2 - The impact of climate change on dispersal processes is largely ignored in risk assessments for crop diseases, as inoculum is generally assumed to be ubiquitous and non-limiting. We suggest that consideration of the impact of climate change on the connectivity of crops for inoculum transmission may provide additional explanatory and predictive power in disease risk assessments, leading to improved recommendations for agricultural adaptation to climate change. In this study a crop growth model was combined with aerobiological models and a newly developed infection risk model to provide a framework for quantifying the impact of future climates on the risk of disease occurrence and spread. The integrated model uses standard meteorological variables and can be easily adapted to various crop pathosystems characterized by airborne inoculum. In a case study, the framework was used with data defining the spatial distribution of potato crops in Scotland and spatially coherent, probabilistic climate change data to project the future connectivity of crop distributions for Phytophthora infestans (causal agent of potato late blight) inoculum, and the subsequent risk of infection. Projections and control recommendations are provided for multiple combinations of potato cultivar and CO2 emissions scenario, and temporal and spatial averaging schemes. Overall, we found that relative to current climatic conditions, the risk of late blight will increase in Scotland during the first half of the potato growing season, and decrease during the second half. To guide adaptation strategies we also investigated the potential impact of climate-change driven shifts in the cropping season. Advancing the start of the potato growing season by one month proved to be an effective strategy from both an agronomic and late blight management perspective. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

AB - The impact of climate change on dispersal processes is largely ignored in risk assessments for crop diseases, as inoculum is generally assumed to be ubiquitous and non-limiting. We suggest that consideration of the impact of climate change on the connectivity of crops for inoculum transmission may provide additional explanatory and predictive power in disease risk assessments, leading to improved recommendations for agricultural adaptation to climate change. In this study a crop growth model was combined with aerobiological models and a newly developed infection risk model to provide a framework for quantifying the impact of future climates on the risk of disease occurrence and spread. The integrated model uses standard meteorological variables and can be easily adapted to various crop pathosystems characterized by airborne inoculum. In a case study, the framework was used with data defining the spatial distribution of potato crops in Scotland and spatially coherent, probabilistic climate change data to project the future connectivity of crop distributions for Phytophthora infestans (causal agent of potato late blight) inoculum, and the subsequent risk of infection. Projections and control recommendations are provided for multiple combinations of potato cultivar and CO2 emissions scenario, and temporal and spatial averaging schemes. Overall, we found that relative to current climatic conditions, the risk of late blight will increase in Scotland during the first half of the potato growing season, and decrease during the second half. To guide adaptation strategies we also investigated the potential impact of climate-change driven shifts in the cropping season. Advancing the start of the potato growing season by one month proved to be an effective strategy from both an agronomic and late blight management perspective. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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