Growth of order in vector spin systems and self-organized criticality

T. J. Newman, A. J. Bray, M. A. Moore

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    Abstract

    We consider the process of zero-temperature ordering in a vector-spin system, with nonconserved order parameter (model A), following an instantaneous quench from infinite temperature. We present the results of numerical simulations in one spatial dimension for spin dimension n in the range 2n5. We find that a scaling regime [where a characteristic-length scale L(t) emerges] is entered in all cases for sufficiently long times with L(t)t1/2 for n3 and L(t)t1/4 for n=2. The autocorrelation function A(t) is found to decay with time as A(t)t-(1-)/2 for n3, where is a new n-dependent exponent at the T=0 fixed point (as predicted in a recent 1/n expansion). For n=2, A(t) exp(-at1/2). We give simple analytical arguments explaining the anomalous behavior found for n=2. We also discuss the new exponents at the T=0 fixed point in the wider context of self-organizing systems.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)4514-4523
    Number of pages10
    JournalPhysical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
    Volume42
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 1990

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    exponents
    self organizing systems
    Autocorrelation
    autocorrelation
    scaling
    Temperature
    expansion
    temperature
    Computer simulation
    decay
    simulation

    Cite this

    Newman, T. J. ; Bray, A. J. ; Moore, M. A. / Growth of order in vector spin systems and self-organized criticality. In: Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 1990 ; Vol. 42, No. 7. pp. 4514-4523.
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    title = "Growth of order in vector spin systems and self-organized criticality",
    abstract = "We consider the process of zero-temperature ordering in a vector-spin system, with nonconserved order parameter (model A), following an instantaneous quench from infinite temperature. We present the results of numerical simulations in one spatial dimension for spin dimension n in the range 2n5. We find that a scaling regime [where a characteristic-length scale L(t) emerges] is entered in all cases for sufficiently long times with L(t)t1/2 for n3 and L(t)t1/4 for n=2. The autocorrelation function A(t) is found to decay with time as A(t)t-(1-)/2 for n3, where is a new n-dependent exponent at the T=0 fixed point (as predicted in a recent 1/n expansion). For n=2, A(t) exp(-at1/2). We give simple analytical arguments explaining the anomalous behavior found for n=2. We also discuss the new exponents at the T=0 fixed point in the wider context of self-organizing systems.",
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    Growth of order in vector spin systems and self-organized criticality. / Newman, T. J.; Bray, A. J.; Moore, M. A.

    In: Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 42, No. 7, 01.09.1990, p. 4514-4523.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

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    AU - Bray, A. J.

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    N2 - We consider the process of zero-temperature ordering in a vector-spin system, with nonconserved order parameter (model A), following an instantaneous quench from infinite temperature. We present the results of numerical simulations in one spatial dimension for spin dimension n in the range 2n5. We find that a scaling regime [where a characteristic-length scale L(t) emerges] is entered in all cases for sufficiently long times with L(t)t1/2 for n3 and L(t)t1/4 for n=2. The autocorrelation function A(t) is found to decay with time as A(t)t-(1-)/2 for n3, where is a new n-dependent exponent at the T=0 fixed point (as predicted in a recent 1/n expansion). For n=2, A(t) exp(-at1/2). We give simple analytical arguments explaining the anomalous behavior found for n=2. We also discuss the new exponents at the T=0 fixed point in the wider context of self-organizing systems.

    AB - We consider the process of zero-temperature ordering in a vector-spin system, with nonconserved order parameter (model A), following an instantaneous quench from infinite temperature. We present the results of numerical simulations in one spatial dimension for spin dimension n in the range 2n5. We find that a scaling regime [where a characteristic-length scale L(t) emerges] is entered in all cases for sufficiently long times with L(t)t1/2 for n3 and L(t)t1/4 for n=2. The autocorrelation function A(t) is found to decay with time as A(t)t-(1-)/2 for n3, where is a new n-dependent exponent at the T=0 fixed point (as predicted in a recent 1/n expansion). For n=2, A(t) exp(-at1/2). We give simple analytical arguments explaining the anomalous behavior found for n=2. We also discuss the new exponents at the T=0 fixed point in the wider context of self-organizing systems.

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