HMS VANGUARD 100: Survey 2016-2017

Emily Turton, David Crofts, Clare Fitzsimmons, Chris Rowland, Kari Hyttinen, Simon Kay, Jen Smith, Bob Anderson, Marjo Tynkkynen, Kieran Hatton, Joanna Porter, Ben Wade

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

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Abstract

HMS VANGUARD was a dreadnought battleship of the World War 1 (WWI) era. She was built by Vickers of Barrow-in-Furness, launched in 1909 and commissioned in 1910 into the First Battle Squadron. At approximately 2320 on the 9th July 1917, while at anchor in Scapa Flow, Vanguard suffered a series of catastrophic explosions. The ship and 843 of her crew were lost. The resulting Royal Navy Court of Enquiry concluded an unintentional cordite explosion caused the loss of HMS VANGUARD, making it the largest accidental loss of life in the Royal Navy during the 20th century.

Today the wreck of HMS VANGUARD lies in approximately 34 metres of water just off the north coast of the island of Flotta in Scapa Flow, Orkney. The site was legally salvaged between the 1957 and 1975. In 1984 the ship was officially recognised as a war grave. Little recreational diving has ever taken place on the wreck of HMS VANGUARD prior to her becoming a controlled site in 2002 where all diving without permission was banned.

The HMS VANGUARD 100 Survey was conducted between October 2016 and February 2017 under special licence from the Secretary of State for Defence. Remote survey techniques were used to identify the extent of the wreckage and debris field. Specialist divers, including experts in munitions and explosive effects, conducted an underwater survey of the entire site using underwater forensic mapping techniques. The wreck was documented using videography, stills photography and 3D photogrammetry.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages110
ISBN (Electronic)9781899837795
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2018

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wreck
diving
explosion
videography
photography
photogrammetry
anchor
explosive
coast
water
loss
ship

Keywords

  • 3D Visualisation
  • shipwreck
  • Photogrammetry

Cite this

Turton, E., Crofts, D., Fitzsimmons, C., Rowland, C., Hyttinen, K., Kay, S., ... Wade, B. (2018). HMS VANGUARD 100: Survey 2016-2017. https://doi.org/10.20933/100001113
Turton, Emily ; Crofts, David ; Fitzsimmons, Clare ; Rowland, Chris ; Hyttinen, Kari ; Kay, Simon ; Smith, Jen ; Anderson, Bob ; Tynkkynen, Marjo ; Hatton, Kieran ; Porter, Joanna ; Wade, Ben . / HMS VANGUARD 100 : Survey 2016-2017. 2018. 110 p.
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Turton, E, Crofts, D, Fitzsimmons, C, Rowland, C, Hyttinen, K, Kay, S, Smith, J, Anderson, B, Tynkkynen, M, Hatton, K, Porter, J & Wade, B 2018, HMS VANGUARD 100: Survey 2016-2017. https://doi.org/10.20933/100001113

HMS VANGUARD 100 : Survey 2016-2017. / Turton, Emily; Crofts, David ; Fitzsimmons, Clare; Rowland, Chris; Hyttinen, Kari; Kay, Simon ; Smith, Jen ; Anderson, Bob ; Tynkkynen, Marjo ; Hatton, Kieran ; Porter, Joanna ; Wade, Ben .

2018. 110 p.

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

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T2 - Survey 2016-2017

AU - Turton, Emily

AU - Crofts, David

AU - Fitzsimmons, Clare

AU - Rowland, Chris

AU - Hyttinen, Kari

AU - Kay, Simon

AU - Smith, Jen

AU - Anderson, Bob

AU - Tynkkynen, Marjo

AU - Hatton, Kieran

AU - Porter, Joanna

AU - Wade, Ben

N1 - This report and its content were produced under licence from the Ministry of Defence. All materials are copyright of E Turton and B Wade © E Turton and B Wade 2018 except where otherwise acknowledged. All rights reserved.

PY - 2018/4/10

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N2 - HMS VANGUARD was a dreadnought battleship of the World War 1 (WWI) era. She was built by Vickers of Barrow-in-Furness, launched in 1909 and commissioned in 1910 into the First Battle Squadron. At approximately 2320 on the 9th July 1917, while at anchor in Scapa Flow, Vanguard suffered a series of catastrophic explosions. The ship and 843 of her crew were lost. The resulting Royal Navy Court of Enquiry concluded an unintentional cordite explosion caused the loss of HMS VANGUARD, making it the largest accidental loss of life in the Royal Navy during the 20th century.Today the wreck of HMS VANGUARD lies in approximately 34 metres of water just off the north coast of the island of Flotta in Scapa Flow, Orkney. The site was legally salvaged between the 1957 and 1975. In 1984 the ship was officially recognised as a war grave. Little recreational diving has ever taken place on the wreck of HMS VANGUARD prior to her becoming a controlled site in 2002 where all diving without permission was banned.The HMS VANGUARD 100 Survey was conducted between October 2016 and February 2017 under special licence from the Secretary of State for Defence. Remote survey techniques were used to identify the extent of the wreckage and debris field. Specialist divers, including experts in munitions and explosive effects, conducted an underwater survey of the entire site using underwater forensic mapping techniques. The wreck was documented using videography, stills photography and 3D photogrammetry.

AB - HMS VANGUARD was a dreadnought battleship of the World War 1 (WWI) era. She was built by Vickers of Barrow-in-Furness, launched in 1909 and commissioned in 1910 into the First Battle Squadron. At approximately 2320 on the 9th July 1917, while at anchor in Scapa Flow, Vanguard suffered a series of catastrophic explosions. The ship and 843 of her crew were lost. The resulting Royal Navy Court of Enquiry concluded an unintentional cordite explosion caused the loss of HMS VANGUARD, making it the largest accidental loss of life in the Royal Navy during the 20th century.Today the wreck of HMS VANGUARD lies in approximately 34 metres of water just off the north coast of the island of Flotta in Scapa Flow, Orkney. The site was legally salvaged between the 1957 and 1975. In 1984 the ship was officially recognised as a war grave. Little recreational diving has ever taken place on the wreck of HMS VANGUARD prior to her becoming a controlled site in 2002 where all diving without permission was banned.The HMS VANGUARD 100 Survey was conducted between October 2016 and February 2017 under special licence from the Secretary of State for Defence. Remote survey techniques were used to identify the extent of the wreckage and debris field. Specialist divers, including experts in munitions and explosive effects, conducted an underwater survey of the entire site using underwater forensic mapping techniques. The wreck was documented using videography, stills photography and 3D photogrammetry.

KW - 3D Visualisation

KW - shipwreck

KW - Photogrammetry

U2 - 10.20933/100001113

DO - 10.20933/100001113

M3 - Commissioned report

BT - HMS VANGUARD 100

ER -

Turton E, Crofts D, Fitzsimmons C, Rowland C, Hyttinen K, Kay S et al. HMS VANGUARD 100: Survey 2016-2017. 2018. 110 p. https://doi.org/10.20933/100001113