Inhibition of hepatic and extrahepatic glutathione S-transferases by primary and secondary bile acids

J D Hayes, T J Mantle

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    37 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Glutathione S-transferases are a complex family of dimeric proteins that play a dual role in cellular detoxification; they catalyse the first step in the synthesis of mercapturic acids, and they bind potentially harmful non-substrate ligands. Bile acids are quantitatively the major group of ligands encountered by the glutathione S-transferases. The enzymes from rat liver comprise Yk (Mr 25 000), Ya (Mr 25 500), Yn (Mr 26 500), Yb1, Yb2 (both Mr 27 000) and Yc (Mr 28 500) monomers. Although bile acids inhibited the catalytic activity of all transferases studied, the concentration of a particular bile acid required to produce 50% inhibition (I50) varies considerably. A comparison of the I50 values obtained with lithocholate (monohydroxylated), chenodeoxycholate (dihydroxylated) and cholate (trihydroxylated) showed that, in contrast with all other transferase monomers, the Ya subunit possesses a relatively hydrophobic bile-acid-binding site. The I50 values obtained with lithocholate and lithocholate 3-sulphate showed that only the Ya subunit is inhibited more effectively by lithocholate than by its sulphate ester. Other subunits (Yk, Yn, Yb1 and Yb2) were inhibited more by lithocholate 3-sulphate than by lithocholate, indicating the existence of a significant ionic interaction, in the bile-acid-binding domain, between (an) amino acid residue(s) and the steroid ring A. By contrast, increasing the assay pH from 6.0 to 7.5 decreased the inhibitory effect of all bile acids studied, suggesting that there is little significant ionic interaction between transferase subunits and the carboxy group of bile acids. Under alkaline conditions, low concentrations (sub-micellar) of nonsulphated bile acids activated Yb1, Yb2 and Yc subunits but not Yk, Ya and Yn subunits. The diverse effects of the various bile acids studied on transferase activity enables these ligands to be used to help establish the quaternary structure of individual enzymes. Since these inhibitors can discriminate between transferases that appear to be immunochemically identical (e.g. transferases F and L), bile acids can provide information about the subunit composition of forms that cannot otherwise be distinguished.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)407-15
    Number of pages9
    JournalBiochemical Journal
    Volume233
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 1986

    Fingerprint

    Glutathione Transferase
    Bile Acids and Salts
    Transferases
    Lithocholic Acid
    Liver
    Ligands
    Monomers
    Cholates
    Chenodeoxycholic Acid
    Detoxification
    Acetylcysteine
    Enzymes
    Sulfates
    Rats
    Assays
    Catalyst activity
    Esters
    Steroids
    Binding Sites
    Amino Acids

    Keywords

    • Animals
    • Bile Acids and Salts/pharmacology
    • Glutathione Transferase/antagonists & inhibitors
    • Isoenzymes/antagonists & inhibitors
    • Kidney/enzymology
    • Lithocholic Acid/analogs & derivatives
    • Liver/enzymology
    • Male
    • Rats
    • Rats, Inbred Strains
    • Testis/enzymology

    Cite this

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    title = "Inhibition of hepatic and extrahepatic glutathione S-transferases by primary and secondary bile acids",
    abstract = "Glutathione S-transferases are a complex family of dimeric proteins that play a dual role in cellular detoxification; they catalyse the first step in the synthesis of mercapturic acids, and they bind potentially harmful non-substrate ligands. Bile acids are quantitatively the major group of ligands encountered by the glutathione S-transferases. The enzymes from rat liver comprise Yk (Mr 25 000), Ya (Mr 25 500), Yn (Mr 26 500), Yb1, Yb2 (both Mr 27 000) and Yc (Mr 28 500) monomers. Although bile acids inhibited the catalytic activity of all transferases studied, the concentration of a particular bile acid required to produce 50{\%} inhibition (I50) varies considerably. A comparison of the I50 values obtained with lithocholate (monohydroxylated), chenodeoxycholate (dihydroxylated) and cholate (trihydroxylated) showed that, in contrast with all other transferase monomers, the Ya subunit possesses a relatively hydrophobic bile-acid-binding site. The I50 values obtained with lithocholate and lithocholate 3-sulphate showed that only the Ya subunit is inhibited more effectively by lithocholate than by its sulphate ester. Other subunits (Yk, Yn, Yb1 and Yb2) were inhibited more by lithocholate 3-sulphate than by lithocholate, indicating the existence of a significant ionic interaction, in the bile-acid-binding domain, between (an) amino acid residue(s) and the steroid ring A. By contrast, increasing the assay pH from 6.0 to 7.5 decreased the inhibitory effect of all bile acids studied, suggesting that there is little significant ionic interaction between transferase subunits and the carboxy group of bile acids. Under alkaline conditions, low concentrations (sub-micellar) of nonsulphated bile acids activated Yb1, Yb2 and Yc subunits but not Yk, Ya and Yn subunits. The diverse effects of the various bile acids studied on transferase activity enables these ligands to be used to help establish the quaternary structure of individual enzymes. Since these inhibitors can discriminate between transferases that appear to be immunochemically identical (e.g. transferases F and L), bile acids can provide information about the subunit composition of forms that cannot otherwise be distinguished.",
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    Inhibition of hepatic and extrahepatic glutathione S-transferases by primary and secondary bile acids. / Hayes, J D; Mantle, T J.

    In: Biochemical Journal, Vol. 233, No. 2, 15.01.1986, p. 407-15.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Inhibition of hepatic and extrahepatic glutathione S-transferases by primary and secondary bile acids

    AU - Hayes, J D

    AU - Mantle, T J

    PY - 1986/1/15

    Y1 - 1986/1/15

    N2 - Glutathione S-transferases are a complex family of dimeric proteins that play a dual role in cellular detoxification; they catalyse the first step in the synthesis of mercapturic acids, and they bind potentially harmful non-substrate ligands. Bile acids are quantitatively the major group of ligands encountered by the glutathione S-transferases. The enzymes from rat liver comprise Yk (Mr 25 000), Ya (Mr 25 500), Yn (Mr 26 500), Yb1, Yb2 (both Mr 27 000) and Yc (Mr 28 500) monomers. Although bile acids inhibited the catalytic activity of all transferases studied, the concentration of a particular bile acid required to produce 50% inhibition (I50) varies considerably. A comparison of the I50 values obtained with lithocholate (monohydroxylated), chenodeoxycholate (dihydroxylated) and cholate (trihydroxylated) showed that, in contrast with all other transferase monomers, the Ya subunit possesses a relatively hydrophobic bile-acid-binding site. The I50 values obtained with lithocholate and lithocholate 3-sulphate showed that only the Ya subunit is inhibited more effectively by lithocholate than by its sulphate ester. Other subunits (Yk, Yn, Yb1 and Yb2) were inhibited more by lithocholate 3-sulphate than by lithocholate, indicating the existence of a significant ionic interaction, in the bile-acid-binding domain, between (an) amino acid residue(s) and the steroid ring A. By contrast, increasing the assay pH from 6.0 to 7.5 decreased the inhibitory effect of all bile acids studied, suggesting that there is little significant ionic interaction between transferase subunits and the carboxy group of bile acids. Under alkaline conditions, low concentrations (sub-micellar) of nonsulphated bile acids activated Yb1, Yb2 and Yc subunits but not Yk, Ya and Yn subunits. The diverse effects of the various bile acids studied on transferase activity enables these ligands to be used to help establish the quaternary structure of individual enzymes. Since these inhibitors can discriminate between transferases that appear to be immunochemically identical (e.g. transferases F and L), bile acids can provide information about the subunit composition of forms that cannot otherwise be distinguished.

    AB - Glutathione S-transferases are a complex family of dimeric proteins that play a dual role in cellular detoxification; they catalyse the first step in the synthesis of mercapturic acids, and they bind potentially harmful non-substrate ligands. Bile acids are quantitatively the major group of ligands encountered by the glutathione S-transferases. The enzymes from rat liver comprise Yk (Mr 25 000), Ya (Mr 25 500), Yn (Mr 26 500), Yb1, Yb2 (both Mr 27 000) and Yc (Mr 28 500) monomers. Although bile acids inhibited the catalytic activity of all transferases studied, the concentration of a particular bile acid required to produce 50% inhibition (I50) varies considerably. A comparison of the I50 values obtained with lithocholate (monohydroxylated), chenodeoxycholate (dihydroxylated) and cholate (trihydroxylated) showed that, in contrast with all other transferase monomers, the Ya subunit possesses a relatively hydrophobic bile-acid-binding site. The I50 values obtained with lithocholate and lithocholate 3-sulphate showed that only the Ya subunit is inhibited more effectively by lithocholate than by its sulphate ester. Other subunits (Yk, Yn, Yb1 and Yb2) were inhibited more by lithocholate 3-sulphate than by lithocholate, indicating the existence of a significant ionic interaction, in the bile-acid-binding domain, between (an) amino acid residue(s) and the steroid ring A. By contrast, increasing the assay pH from 6.0 to 7.5 decreased the inhibitory effect of all bile acids studied, suggesting that there is little significant ionic interaction between transferase subunits and the carboxy group of bile acids. Under alkaline conditions, low concentrations (sub-micellar) of nonsulphated bile acids activated Yb1, Yb2 and Yc subunits but not Yk, Ya and Yn subunits. The diverse effects of the various bile acids studied on transferase activity enables these ligands to be used to help establish the quaternary structure of individual enzymes. Since these inhibitors can discriminate between transferases that appear to be immunochemically identical (e.g. transferases F and L), bile acids can provide information about the subunit composition of forms that cannot otherwise be distinguished.

    KW - Animals

    KW - Bile Acids and Salts/pharmacology

    KW - Glutathione Transferase/antagonists & inhibitors

    KW - Isoenzymes/antagonists & inhibitors

    KW - Kidney/enzymology

    KW - Lithocholic Acid/analogs & derivatives

    KW - Liver/enzymology

    KW - Male

    KW - Rats

    KW - Rats, Inbred Strains

    KW - Testis/enzymology

    UR - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/3954743/

    M3 - Article

    VL - 233

    SP - 407

    EP - 415

    JO - Biochemical Journal

    JF - Biochemical Journal

    SN - 0264-6021

    IS - 2

    ER -