Living off the Sun: chlorophylls, bacteriochlorophylls and rhodopsins

A. W.D. Larkum (Lead / Corresponding author), R. J. Ritchie, J. A. Raven

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Pigments absorbing 350–1,050 nm radiation have had an important role on the Earth for at least 3.5 billion years. The ion pumping rhodopsins absorb blue and green photons using retinal and pump ions across cell membranes. Bacteriochlorophylls (BChl), absorbing in the violet/blue and near infra red (NIR), power anoxygenic photosynthesis, with one photoreaction centre; and chlorophylls (Chl), absorbing in the violet/blue and red (occasionally NIR) power oxygenic photosynthesis, with two photoreaction centres. The accessory (bacterio)chlorophylls add to the spectral range (bandwidth) of photon absorption, e.g., in algae living at depth in clear oceanic water and in algae and photosynthetic (PS) bacteria in microbial mats. Organism size, via the package effect, determines the photon absorption benefit of the costs of synthesis of the pigment–protein complexes. There are unresolved issues as to the evolution of Chls vs. BChls and the role of violet/blue and NIR radiation in PS bacteria.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)11-43
    Number of pages33
    JournalPhotosynthetica
    Volume56
    Issue number1
    Early online date8 Feb 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

    Fingerprint

    Viola
    Bacteriochlorophylls
    algae
    rhodopsin
    Rhodopsin
    Solar System
    Chlorophyll
    Photons
    photosynthetic bacteria
    Photosynthesis
    chlorophyll
    near infrared radiation
    Ion Pumps
    photosynthesis
    Radiation
    Bacteria
    Cost-Benefit Analysis
    cell membranes
    transporters
    pigments

    Cite this

    Larkum, A. W.D. ; Ritchie, R. J. ; Raven, J. A. / Living off the Sun : chlorophylls, bacteriochlorophylls and rhodopsins. In: Photosynthetica. 2018 ; Vol. 56, No. 1. pp. 11-43.
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    abstract = "Pigments absorbing 350–1,050 nm radiation have had an important role on the Earth for at least 3.5 billion years. The ion pumping rhodopsins absorb blue and green photons using retinal and pump ions across cell membranes. Bacteriochlorophylls (BChl), absorbing in the violet/blue and near infra red (NIR), power anoxygenic photosynthesis, with one photoreaction centre; and chlorophylls (Chl), absorbing in the violet/blue and red (occasionally NIR) power oxygenic photosynthesis, with two photoreaction centres. The accessory (bacterio)chlorophylls add to the spectral range (bandwidth) of photon absorption, e.g., in algae living at depth in clear oceanic water and in algae and photosynthetic (PS) bacteria in microbial mats. Organism size, via the package effect, determines the photon absorption benefit of the costs of synthesis of the pigment–protein complexes. There are unresolved issues as to the evolution of Chls vs. BChls and the role of violet/blue and NIR radiation in PS bacteria.",
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    Living off the Sun : chlorophylls, bacteriochlorophylls and rhodopsins. / Larkum, A. W.D. (Lead / Corresponding author); Ritchie, R. J.; Raven, J. A.

    In: Photosynthetica, Vol. 56, No. 1, 03.2018, p. 11-43.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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