Micro/small wind turbine power control for electrolysis applications

Christopher Dixon (Lead / Corresponding author), Stephen Reynolds, David Rodley

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper compares the efficiency of three power converter and maximum power point tracking (MPPT) systems for connecting a micro/small wind turbine to an electrolyser stack: a conventional DC–DC voltage converter with hill-climb search (HCS); a novel variable electrolyser cell load controller where the number of series cells varies to allow MPPT; a novel hybrid DC–DC voltage converter integrated with direct-connect circuitry, variable cell control and lookup-based MPPT. The variable cell and hybrid converters demonstrated superior performance, averaging efficiencies 2–4% higher than the conventional converter, reaching near ideal at a wind speed of 7.7 ms−1 due to direct connection. MPPT function measured electrolyser current as a power reference. HCS performed MPPT at approx. 98% of ideal but requiring very advanced function including variable step size and intelligent perturbation to achieve this during dynamic conditions. The variable cell and hybrid converters produced superior MPPT (based on lookup data) to HCS. This demonstrates alternative novel power control and MPPT approaches for low-cost and efficient hydrogen production from micro/small wind-electrolysis systems.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)182-192
    Number of pages11
    JournalRenewable Energy
    Volume87
    Issue number1
    Early online date21 Oct 2015
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

    Fingerprint

    Electrolysis
    Power control
    Wind turbines
    Electric potential
    Power converters
    Hydrogen production
    Controllers
    Costs

    Keywords

    • Renewable hydrogen production
    • Micro/small wind turbine
    • Electrolysis
    • Maximum power point tracking
    • Hill-climb search

    Cite this

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    title = "Micro/small wind turbine power control for electrolysis applications",
    abstract = "This paper compares the efficiency of three power converter and maximum power point tracking (MPPT) systems for connecting a micro/small wind turbine to an electrolyser stack: a conventional DC–DC voltage converter with hill-climb search (HCS); a novel variable electrolyser cell load controller where the number of series cells varies to allow MPPT; a novel hybrid DC–DC voltage converter integrated with direct-connect circuitry, variable cell control and lookup-based MPPT. The variable cell and hybrid converters demonstrated superior performance, averaging efficiencies 2–4{\%} higher than the conventional converter, reaching near ideal at a wind speed of 7.7 ms−1 due to direct connection. MPPT function measured electrolyser current as a power reference. HCS performed MPPT at approx. 98{\%} of ideal but requiring very advanced function including variable step size and intelligent perturbation to achieve this during dynamic conditions. The variable cell and hybrid converters produced superior MPPT (based on lookup data) to HCS. This demonstrates alternative novel power control and MPPT approaches for low-cost and efficient hydrogen production from micro/small wind-electrolysis systems.",
    keywords = "Renewable hydrogen production , Micro/small wind turbine , Electrolysis, Maximum power point tracking , Hill-climb search",
    author = "Christopher Dixon and Stephen Reynolds and David Rodley",
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    doi = "10.1016/j.renene.2015.09.055",
    language = "English",
    volume = "87",
    pages = "182--192",
    journal = "Renewable Energy",
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    Micro/small wind turbine power control for electrolysis applications. / Dixon, Christopher (Lead / Corresponding author); Reynolds, Stephen; Rodley, David.

    In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 87, No. 1, 03.2016, p. 182-192.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

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    AU - Dixon, Christopher

    AU - Reynolds, Stephen

    AU - Rodley, David

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    N2 - This paper compares the efficiency of three power converter and maximum power point tracking (MPPT) systems for connecting a micro/small wind turbine to an electrolyser stack: a conventional DC–DC voltage converter with hill-climb search (HCS); a novel variable electrolyser cell load controller where the number of series cells varies to allow MPPT; a novel hybrid DC–DC voltage converter integrated with direct-connect circuitry, variable cell control and lookup-based MPPT. The variable cell and hybrid converters demonstrated superior performance, averaging efficiencies 2–4% higher than the conventional converter, reaching near ideal at a wind speed of 7.7 ms−1 due to direct connection. MPPT function measured electrolyser current as a power reference. HCS performed MPPT at approx. 98% of ideal but requiring very advanced function including variable step size and intelligent perturbation to achieve this during dynamic conditions. The variable cell and hybrid converters produced superior MPPT (based on lookup data) to HCS. This demonstrates alternative novel power control and MPPT approaches for low-cost and efficient hydrogen production from micro/small wind-electrolysis systems.

    AB - This paper compares the efficiency of three power converter and maximum power point tracking (MPPT) systems for connecting a micro/small wind turbine to an electrolyser stack: a conventional DC–DC voltage converter with hill-climb search (HCS); a novel variable electrolyser cell load controller where the number of series cells varies to allow MPPT; a novel hybrid DC–DC voltage converter integrated with direct-connect circuitry, variable cell control and lookup-based MPPT. The variable cell and hybrid converters demonstrated superior performance, averaging efficiencies 2–4% higher than the conventional converter, reaching near ideal at a wind speed of 7.7 ms−1 due to direct connection. MPPT function measured electrolyser current as a power reference. HCS performed MPPT at approx. 98% of ideal but requiring very advanced function including variable step size and intelligent perturbation to achieve this during dynamic conditions. The variable cell and hybrid converters produced superior MPPT (based on lookup data) to HCS. This demonstrates alternative novel power control and MPPT approaches for low-cost and efficient hydrogen production from micro/small wind-electrolysis systems.

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    KW - Maximum power point tracking

    KW - Hill-climb search

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