Rapidly occurring DNA excision repair events determine the biological expression of u.v.-induced damage in human cells

S. M. Keyse, R. M. Tyrrell

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We have developed a new assay which allows us to monitor the rates of repair of potentially lethal damage in u.v. (254 nm)-irradiated normal human skin fibroblasts. Using this assay we have shown that, in non-dividing cells, the majority of biologically effective excision repair is completed within 4 h following irradiation with low fluences of u.v. (1.5-6.0 J/m2). During this time, non-dividing cells removed only approximately 20% of the pyrimidine dimers induced in DNA by a u.v. fluence of 3.0 J/m2 as measured by the loss of u.v.-endonuclease-sensitive sites under identical repair conditions. The rates of repair of potentially lethal damage were also found to be independent of u.v. fluence over the range 1.5-6.0 J/m2 in non-dividing cells. In contrast, in cells irradiated in exponential growth with 1.5 J/m2, the rate of biologically effective repair was comparable with that observed in non-dividing cells but the efficiency of the repair process declined progressively with increase in u.v. fluence from 1.5 to 6.0 J/m2. Our data support the concept that the biological recovery of u.v.-irradiated cells depends on the preferential repair of damage in functionally important domains in the genome.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1251-6
    Number of pages6
    JournalCarcinogenesis
    Volume8
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1987

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    DNA Repair
    Pyrimidine Dimers
    Endonucleases
    Fibroblasts
    Genome
    Skin
    DNA
    Growth

    Cite this

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    title = "Rapidly occurring DNA excision repair events determine the biological expression of u.v.-induced damage in human cells",
    abstract = "We have developed a new assay which allows us to monitor the rates of repair of potentially lethal damage in u.v. (254 nm)-irradiated normal human skin fibroblasts. Using this assay we have shown that, in non-dividing cells, the majority of biologically effective excision repair is completed within 4 h following irradiation with low fluences of u.v. (1.5-6.0 J/m2). During this time, non-dividing cells removed only approximately 20{\%} of the pyrimidine dimers induced in DNA by a u.v. fluence of 3.0 J/m2 as measured by the loss of u.v.-endonuclease-sensitive sites under identical repair conditions. The rates of repair of potentially lethal damage were also found to be independent of u.v. fluence over the range 1.5-6.0 J/m2 in non-dividing cells. In contrast, in cells irradiated in exponential growth with 1.5 J/m2, the rate of biologically effective repair was comparable with that observed in non-dividing cells but the efficiency of the repair process declined progressively with increase in u.v. fluence from 1.5 to 6.0 J/m2. Our data support the concept that the biological recovery of u.v.-irradiated cells depends on the preferential repair of damage in functionally important domains in the genome.",
    author = "Keyse, {S. M.} and Tyrrell, {R. M.}",
    year = "1987",
    doi = "10.1093/carcin/8.9.1251",
    language = "English",
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    Rapidly occurring DNA excision repair events determine the biological expression of u.v.-induced damage in human cells. / Keyse, S. M.; Tyrrell, R. M.

    In: Carcinogenesis, Vol. 8, No. 9, 1987, p. 1251-6.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Rapidly occurring DNA excision repair events determine the biological expression of u.v.-induced damage in human cells

    AU - Keyse, S. M.

    AU - Tyrrell, R. M.

    PY - 1987

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    N2 - We have developed a new assay which allows us to monitor the rates of repair of potentially lethal damage in u.v. (254 nm)-irradiated normal human skin fibroblasts. Using this assay we have shown that, in non-dividing cells, the majority of biologically effective excision repair is completed within 4 h following irradiation with low fluences of u.v. (1.5-6.0 J/m2). During this time, non-dividing cells removed only approximately 20% of the pyrimidine dimers induced in DNA by a u.v. fluence of 3.0 J/m2 as measured by the loss of u.v.-endonuclease-sensitive sites under identical repair conditions. The rates of repair of potentially lethal damage were also found to be independent of u.v. fluence over the range 1.5-6.0 J/m2 in non-dividing cells. In contrast, in cells irradiated in exponential growth with 1.5 J/m2, the rate of biologically effective repair was comparable with that observed in non-dividing cells but the efficiency of the repair process declined progressively with increase in u.v. fluence from 1.5 to 6.0 J/m2. Our data support the concept that the biological recovery of u.v.-irradiated cells depends on the preferential repair of damage in functionally important domains in the genome.

    AB - We have developed a new assay which allows us to monitor the rates of repair of potentially lethal damage in u.v. (254 nm)-irradiated normal human skin fibroblasts. Using this assay we have shown that, in non-dividing cells, the majority of biologically effective excision repair is completed within 4 h following irradiation with low fluences of u.v. (1.5-6.0 J/m2). During this time, non-dividing cells removed only approximately 20% of the pyrimidine dimers induced in DNA by a u.v. fluence of 3.0 J/m2 as measured by the loss of u.v.-endonuclease-sensitive sites under identical repair conditions. The rates of repair of potentially lethal damage were also found to be independent of u.v. fluence over the range 1.5-6.0 J/m2 in non-dividing cells. In contrast, in cells irradiated in exponential growth with 1.5 J/m2, the rate of biologically effective repair was comparable with that observed in non-dividing cells but the efficiency of the repair process declined progressively with increase in u.v. fluence from 1.5 to 6.0 J/m2. Our data support the concept that the biological recovery of u.v.-irradiated cells depends on the preferential repair of damage in functionally important domains in the genome.

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    DO - 10.1093/carcin/8.9.1251

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