Spatial ability, experience, and skill in laparoscopic surgery

Madeleine M. Keehner, Frank Tendick, Maxwell V. Meng, Haroon P. Anwar, Mary Hegarty, Marshall L. Stoller, Quan-Yang Duh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    85 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background Previous research showing correlations between spatial ability and surgical skills has used participants in relatively early stages of training. Research in skill acquisition has shown that the role of cognitive abilities can diminish as skills become increasingly automatic. In this study, we explored the role of spatial ability in laparoscopic surgical skills in two groups, one experienced and the other relatively inexperienced. Methods Subjects were recruited from two videoscopic courses: an advanced course for experienced surgeons and a laparoscopic urological surgery course attended by participants with relatively little laparoscopic experience. Three measures were obtained: spatial abilities, videoscopic experience, and operative skills. Results A significant correlation (r = 0.393) was found between spatial ability and skills in the lower experience group but not among the experienced surgeons (r = 0.020). Conclusions The results are consistent with the prediction that the importance of spatial ability in performance of laparoscopic skills should diminish with experience.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)71-75
    Number of pages5
    JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
    Volume188
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2004

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    Laparoscopy
    Aptitude
    Research
    Spatial Navigation
    Surgeons

    Keywords

    • Psychometrics
    • Spatial ability
    • Skill acquisition
    • Laparoscopic surgery

    Cite this

    Keehner, M. M., Tendick, F., Meng, M. V., Anwar, H. P., Hegarty, M., Stoller, M. L., & Duh, Q-Y. (2004). Spatial ability, experience, and skill in laparoscopic surgery. American Journal of Surgery, 188(1), 71-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2003.12.059
    Keehner, Madeleine M. ; Tendick, Frank ; Meng, Maxwell V. ; Anwar, Haroon P. ; Hegarty, Mary ; Stoller, Marshall L. ; Duh, Quan-Yang. / Spatial ability, experience, and skill in laparoscopic surgery. In: American Journal of Surgery. 2004 ; Vol. 188, No. 1. pp. 71-75.
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    Keehner, MM, Tendick, F, Meng, MV, Anwar, HP, Hegarty, M, Stoller, ML & Duh, Q-Y 2004, 'Spatial ability, experience, and skill in laparoscopic surgery', American Journal of Surgery, vol. 188, no. 1, pp. 71-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2003.12.059

    Spatial ability, experience, and skill in laparoscopic surgery. / Keehner, Madeleine M.; Tendick, Frank; Meng, Maxwell V.; Anwar, Haroon P.; Hegarty, Mary; Stoller, Marshall L.; Duh, Quan-Yang.

    In: American Journal of Surgery, Vol. 188, No. 1, 07.2004, p. 71-75.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Meng, Maxwell V.

    AU - Anwar, Haroon P.

    AU - Hegarty, Mary

    AU - Stoller, Marshall L.

    AU - Duh, Quan-Yang

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    AB - Background Previous research showing correlations between spatial ability and surgical skills has used participants in relatively early stages of training. Research in skill acquisition has shown that the role of cognitive abilities can diminish as skills become increasingly automatic. In this study, we explored the role of spatial ability in laparoscopic surgical skills in two groups, one experienced and the other relatively inexperienced. Methods Subjects were recruited from two videoscopic courses: an advanced course for experienced surgeons and a laparoscopic urological surgery course attended by participants with relatively little laparoscopic experience. Three measures were obtained: spatial abilities, videoscopic experience, and operative skills. Results A significant correlation (r = 0.393) was found between spatial ability and skills in the lower experience group but not among the experienced surgeons (r = 0.020). Conclusions The results are consistent with the prediction that the importance of spatial ability in performance of laparoscopic skills should diminish with experience.

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    Keehner MM, Tendick F, Meng MV, Anwar HP, Hegarty M, Stoller ML et al. Spatial ability, experience, and skill in laparoscopic surgery. American Journal of Surgery. 2004 Jul;188(1):71-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2003.12.059