The CPSU Ruling Elite 1981-1991

Commonalities and Divisions

D. Lane, C. Ross

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Based on detailed study of the career paths of 85 party secretaries and heads of departments of the Central Committee of the CPSU, in post between 1981 and 1991, distinctions are made between different types of officials and levels of personnel renewal in various sectors of the party's top administration. The communist party elite was not unitary but segmented, with important divisions and interests. A systemic characteristic of Soviet state socialism was the inability of the party leadership to exercise control over the government industrial bureaucracy-a failure to achieve precisely the "fusion of economic and political power" which many consider to be the hallmark of state socialism. Gorbachev sought to reduce the power of the economic ministries by exposing them to market forces which logically implied different forms of ownership. He subverted the ideological and political legitimacy of state socialism, dissolved the party's administrative centre, and thereby undermined his own political base.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)339-360
    Number of pages22
    JournalCommunist and Post-Communist Studies
    Volume28
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 1995

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    state socialism
    socialism
    elite
    party secretary
    central committee
    political power
    bureaucracy
    economic power
    communist party
    economics
    leadership
    ministry
    ownership
    personnel
    legitimacy
    career
    market
    ruling

    Cite this

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    The CPSU Ruling Elite 1981-1991 : Commonalities and Divisions. / Lane, D.; Ross, C.

    In: Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol. 28, No. 3, 09.1995, p. 339-360.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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