Towards Scalable Strain Gauge-Based Joint Torque Sensors

Hamza Khan (Lead / Corresponding author), Mariapaola D'Imperio, Ferdinando Cannella, Darwin G. Caldwell, Alfred Cuschieri, Claudio Semini

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)
    65 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    During recent decades, strain gauge-based joint torque sensors have been commonly used to provide high-fidelity torque measurements in robotics. Although measurement of joint torque/force is often required in engineering research and development, the gluing and wiring of strain gauges used as torque sensors pose difficulties during integration within the restricted space available in small joints. The problem is compounded by the need for a scalable geometric design to measure joint torque. In this communication, we describe a novel design of a strain gauge-based mono-axial torque sensor referred to as square-cut torque sensor (SCTS), the significant features of which are high degree of linearity, symmetry, and high scalability in terms of both size and measuring range. Most importantly, SCTS provides easy access for gluing and wiring of the strain gauges on sensor surface despite the limited available space. We demonstrated that the SCTS was better in terms of symmetry (clockwise and counterclockwise rotation) and more linear. These capabilities have been shown through finite element modeling (ANSYS) confirmed by observed data obtained by load testing experiments. The high performance of SCTS was confirmed by studies involving changes in size, material and/or wings width and thickness. Finally, we demonstrated that the SCTS can be successfully implementation inside the hip joints of miniaturized hydraulically actuated quadruped robot-MiniHyQ. This communication is based on work presented at the 18th International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots (CLAWAR).

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1905
    Pages (from-to)1-17
    Number of pages17
    JournalSensors
    Volume17
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 18 Aug 2017

    Fingerprint

    strain gages
    Torque
    Strain gages
    torque
    Joints
    sensors
    Sensors
    Gluing
    wiring
    Electric wiring
    robots
    Robots
    Torque measurement
    communication
    Load testing
    Engineering research
    Communication
    walking
    Hip Joint
    Robotics

    Keywords

    • Torque sensor
    • Strain gauges sensor
    • Joint torque control

    Cite this

    Khan, H., D'Imperio, M., Cannella, F., Caldwell, D. G., Cuschieri, A., & Semini, C. (2017). Towards Scalable Strain Gauge-Based Joint Torque Sensors. Sensors, 17(8), 1-17. [1905]. https://doi.org/10.3390/s17081905
    Khan, Hamza ; D'Imperio, Mariapaola ; Cannella, Ferdinando ; Caldwell, Darwin G. ; Cuschieri, Alfred ; Semini, Claudio. / Towards Scalable Strain Gauge-Based Joint Torque Sensors. In: Sensors. 2017 ; Vol. 17, No. 8. pp. 1-17.
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    title = "Towards Scalable Strain Gauge-Based Joint Torque Sensors",
    abstract = "During recent decades, strain gauge-based joint torque sensors have been commonly used to provide high-fidelity torque measurements in robotics. Although measurement of joint torque/force is often required in engineering research and development, the gluing and wiring of strain gauges used as torque sensors pose difficulties during integration within the restricted space available in small joints. The problem is compounded by the need for a scalable geometric design to measure joint torque. In this communication, we describe a novel design of a strain gauge-based mono-axial torque sensor referred to as square-cut torque sensor (SCTS), the significant features of which are high degree of linearity, symmetry, and high scalability in terms of both size and measuring range. Most importantly, SCTS provides easy access for gluing and wiring of the strain gauges on sensor surface despite the limited available space. We demonstrated that the SCTS was better in terms of symmetry (clockwise and counterclockwise rotation) and more linear. These capabilities have been shown through finite element modeling (ANSYS) confirmed by observed data obtained by load testing experiments. The high performance of SCTS was confirmed by studies involving changes in size, material and/or wings width and thickness. Finally, we demonstrated that the SCTS can be successfully implementation inside the hip joints of miniaturized hydraulically actuated quadruped robot-MiniHyQ. This communication is based on work presented at the 18th International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots (CLAWAR).",
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    author = "Hamza Khan and Mariapaola D'Imperio and Ferdinando Cannella and Caldwell, {Darwin G.} and Alfred Cuschieri and Claudio Semini",
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    Khan, H, D'Imperio, M, Cannella, F, Caldwell, DG, Cuschieri, A & Semini, C 2017, 'Towards Scalable Strain Gauge-Based Joint Torque Sensors', Sensors, vol. 17, no. 8, 1905, pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/s17081905

    Towards Scalable Strain Gauge-Based Joint Torque Sensors. / Khan, Hamza (Lead / Corresponding author); D'Imperio, Mariapaola; Cannella, Ferdinando; Caldwell, Darwin G.; Cuschieri, Alfred; Semini, Claudio.

    In: Sensors, Vol. 17, No. 8, 1905, 18.08.2017, p. 1-17.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Khan, Hamza

    AU - D'Imperio, Mariapaola

    AU - Cannella, Ferdinando

    AU - Caldwell, Darwin G.

    AU - Cuschieri, Alfred

    AU - Semini, Claudio

    N1 - Funding from the Fondazione Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia

    PY - 2017/8/18

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    N2 - During recent decades, strain gauge-based joint torque sensors have been commonly used to provide high-fidelity torque measurements in robotics. Although measurement of joint torque/force is often required in engineering research and development, the gluing and wiring of strain gauges used as torque sensors pose difficulties during integration within the restricted space available in small joints. The problem is compounded by the need for a scalable geometric design to measure joint torque. In this communication, we describe a novel design of a strain gauge-based mono-axial torque sensor referred to as square-cut torque sensor (SCTS), the significant features of which are high degree of linearity, symmetry, and high scalability in terms of both size and measuring range. Most importantly, SCTS provides easy access for gluing and wiring of the strain gauges on sensor surface despite the limited available space. We demonstrated that the SCTS was better in terms of symmetry (clockwise and counterclockwise rotation) and more linear. These capabilities have been shown through finite element modeling (ANSYS) confirmed by observed data obtained by load testing experiments. The high performance of SCTS was confirmed by studies involving changes in size, material and/or wings width and thickness. Finally, we demonstrated that the SCTS can be successfully implementation inside the hip joints of miniaturized hydraulically actuated quadruped robot-MiniHyQ. This communication is based on work presented at the 18th International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots (CLAWAR).

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    KW - Torque sensor

    KW - Strain gauges sensor

    KW - Joint torque control

    U2 - 10.3390/s17081905

    DO - 10.3390/s17081905

    M3 - Article

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    ER -

    Khan H, D'Imperio M, Cannella F, Caldwell DG, Cuschieri A, Semini C. Towards Scalable Strain Gauge-Based Joint Torque Sensors. Sensors. 2017 Aug 18;17(8):1-17. 1905. https://doi.org/10.3390/s17081905